Bacteria and enzymes in septic tanks, wastewater treatment plants, ponds
Bacterial enzymatic products are a mixture of selected natural bacterial cultures, enzymes and nutrients that strengthen and accelerate natural biodegradation processes, i.e. the decomposition of organic compounds. In the natural environment, both bacteria and enzymes play an important role in the process of cleavage and decomposition of organic matter.
Bacteria used in septic tanks, WWTPs, ponds:
In a relatively short time (about 15 minutes), after introducing the bacteria into an aqueous medium containing organic waste, the bacteria begin to transition from a dormant (attenuation) state to active activity, producing specific enzymes and decomposing or eating the organic waste present.
The applied bacteria are capable of exponential growth (their number doubles approximately every thirty minutes). By-products of this bacterial enzymatic activity are H2O and CO2.
Keep in mind that the strength of a bacterial product always depends on the number of bacteria it contains!
Bacteria produce enzymes. Enzymes are special proteins that are irreplaceable in metabolizing a source of nutrients to the energy necessary for the further growth of a living organism (bacteria therefore need enzymes to be able to digest nutrients and convert them into energy for further bacterial growth - just like in the human stomach, the food is converted into energy). Thus, enzymes are a tool for converting nutrients (bacterial food) into energy, in which complex compounds are broken down more easily. This cleavage accelerates the process of converting the source of nutrients (faeces) into affordable and easily digestible doses for bacteria.
The difference between a bacterium and an enzyme can be illustrated by the following example:
1) Add a cube of butter to a bowl of water. If only enzymes are added to the bowl, the butter will dissolve. However, after the enzymes have been removed, the butter coagulates in a butter cube.
2) Add a cube of butter to a bowl of water. When bacteria, which also produce enzymes, are added, the butter cube dissolves, and the bacteria break down into water and carbon dioxide. After removing bacteria and enzymes, only water will remain in the bowl. The bacteria break down the butter into water and CO2 with the help of enzymes.
Thus, the enzymes only serve to liquefy the faeces in the septic tank or WWTP. Therefore, they are not able to decompose faeces into water and CO2. They are also not able to remove unpleasant odours from the septic tank or WWTP.
For proper decomposition and cleavage of substances in septic tanks or WWTPs, it is important to use bacteria producing enzymes that can very efficiently decompose organic substances (faeces) into water and CO2. The proper proportion of bacteria is particularly important. These are mainly formed by the following enzymes: cellulase, amylase, protease, lipase, urease, xylanase, and esterase.
Cellulase - a complex of bioenzymes capable of decomposing cellulose - toilet paper
Amylase - a complex of bioenzymes decomposing starchy organic compounds and hydrocarbons - petroleum substances
Protease - a complex of bioenzymes capable of breaking down various proteins (proteins) - dead tissue
Lipases - a complex of bioenzymes that are used to break down fats and vegetable oils - oils
Urease - a complex of bioenzymes decomposing urea
Xylanase - a complex of bioenzymes that decompose plant matter
Esterase - a complex of bioenzymes capable of breaking down fats - fats
The bacteria used must not be genetically engineered or altered. They occur naturally (found in soil and water). Under no circumstances may they contain coliform bacteria, faecal coliform bacteria, enterococci, fungi, and yeasts. They must be carefully selected because for humans and the environmentthey must be:
- safe, stable, non-pathogenic, and non-toxic
- facultative (capable of growth in the presence or absence of oxygen)
- a strong producer of enzymes - they do not contain salmonella or listeria
The main advantages of using bacterial preparations:
- elimination of vegetable and animal fats
- significant reduction of BOD, COD, NL, NEL and ammonia
- disposal of solids and solutes in sumps
- disposal of nitrates of any type
- significantly reduce the formation of odours.
The term bacterial mixture means a concentrate of spores and endospores of specially selected and targeted strains of native soil bacteria which exhibit certain desired properties such as the ability to survive and multiply in an environment with a certain pH, the ability to increase the production of a certain desired enzyme, etc. The mixtures used by our company are characterized by a high concentration of bacteria.
The individual mixtures, or their combinations, form the basis for the formulation of the final commercially used preparations, the composition of which is aimed at practical solutions to certain specific problems such as degradation of fats in a certain environment, homogenization of manure, reduction of ammonia and odour in general, wastewater treatment, decomposition of excrement (faeces), making clogged pipes passable, etc.
After introducing the mixture into an aqueous medium containing organic waste, the spores begin to revive in a short time, produce specific enzymes and digest the organic waste present. The applied microorganisms multiply exponentially (doubling every 20-30 minutes). By-products of this bacterial enzymatic activity are H2O and CO2.
It should be emphasized that all strains of bacteria used in bacterial mixtures must be non-pathogenic strains and that they are always only and exclusively strains of wild-type soil bacteria that have been selected for some particular ability. These strains are by no means genetically altered or modified in any way.Also keep in mind that the strength of a bacterial product always depends on the number of bacteria it contains! Buy only quality, you and your septic tank, WWTP or pond will be satisfied.
Mr. Bacteria products for your ECOlogically clean:
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